Tools

Other references

  • Woolfield A, Mitchell G,  Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan S, Senior H. Predicting Those Who Are at Risk of Dying within Six to Twelve Months in Primary Care: A Retrospective Case–Control General Practice Chart Analysis. Journal of Palliative Medicine. DOI:10.1089/jpm.2018.0562 (A predictive model of mortality risk based on SPICT indicators – overall predictive accuracy of 78%)
    Nomogram
  • De Bock, R, Van Den Noortgate, N, Piers, R.Validation of the Supportive and Palliative Care Indicators Tool in a Geriatric Population. J Palliat Med 2018;21(2):220-224. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2017.0205. (Validation study of elderly patients admitted to hospital geriatric unit with uncertain prognosis – overall one-year mortality 32.2%, 48.7% in SPICT-positive patients, and 11.5% in SPICT-negative patients (p < 0.001). SPICT predicted one-year mortality with a sensitivity of 0.841 and a specificity of 0.579.)
  • Liyanage T, Mitchell G, Senior H. Identifying palliative care needs in residential care. Australian Journal of Primary Health Research. 2018 24(6) 524-529 https://doi.org/10.1071/PY17168  (Cohort study of 187 cases using the Surprise Question combined with SPICT indicators to screen residents and predict risk of dying within 12 months – sensitivity 71.4% (95%CI, 55.4–84.3%), specificity 66.2% (95%CI, 57.9–73.4%); positive predictive value is 38.0% (95%CI, 27.3–49.6%), negative predictive value 88.79% (95%CI, 81.4–94.1%))
  • Mitchell GK, Senior HE, Rhee JJ, Ware RS, Young S, Teo PC, Murray S, Boyd K, Clayton JM. Using intuition or a formal palliative care needs assessment screening process in general practice to predict death within 12 months: A randomised controlled trial. Palliat Med. 2017 Mar 1:269216317698621. doi: 10.1177/0269216317698621. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Sulistio M, Franco M, Vo A, Poon P, Leeroy W. Hospital rapid response team and patients with life-limiting illness: a multicentre, retrospective cohort study. Palliat Med 2015;29(4):302-309.
  • Thoosen B, Groot M, Engles Y, Prins J, Verhagen S, Galesloot C et al. Early identification and proactive palliative care for patients in general practice, incentive and methods of a randomised controlled trial. BMC Family Practice 2011; 12:123
  • Harrison N, Cavers D, Campbell C, Murray SA. Are UK primary care teams formally identifying patients for palliative care before they die? Br J Gen Pract 2012; DOI:10.3399/bjgp12X64146.
  • Glare PA, Sinclair CT. Palliative medicine review: prognostication. J Palliat Med 2008; 11:84-103.
  • Gott M, Ingleton C, Bennett M, Gardiner C. Transitions to palliative care in acute hospitals in England: qualitative study. BMJ 2011; 342:d1773.
  • Lau F, Downing M, Lesperance M, Karlson N, Kuziemsky C, Yang J. Using the Palliative Performance Scale to provide meaningful survival estimates. J Pain Symptom Management 2009; 38:134-144.
  • Coventry PA, Grande GE, Richards DA, Todd CJ. Prediction of appropriate timing of palliative care for older adults with non-malignant life-threatening disease: a systematic review. Age and Ageing 2005; 34:218-227.
  • Clark D, Armstrong M, Allan A et al. Imminence of death among hospital inpatients; a prevalence cohort study. Palliative Medicine 2014; doi: 10.1177/0269216314526443
  • Smith C, Hough L, Cheung C-C et al. Coordinate My Care: a clinical service that coordinates care, giving patients choice and improving quality of life.BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care 2012; 2:301-307.