SPICT™ Development & validation

  • Highet G, Crawford D, Murray SA, Boyd K. Development and evaluation of the Supportive and Palliative Care Indicators Tool (SPICT): a mixed-methods study. 
    BMJ Support Palliat Care Published Online First: 25 July 2013 doi:10.1136/bmjspcare-2013-000488.
  • Boyd K, Murray SA. Recognising and managing key transitions in end of life care. BMJ 2010;341:c4863  (Original concept for the SPICT tool)
  • Sulistio M, Franco M, Vo A, Poon P, William L. Hospital rapid response team and patients with life-limiting illness: a multicentre retrospective cohort study. Palliat Med. 2015 Apr;29(4):302-9. doi: 10.1177/0269216314560802. Epub 2015 Jan 29. PMID: 25634630.
  • Mitchell GK, Senior HE, Rhee JJ, Ware RS, Young S, Teo PC, Murray S, Boyd K, Clayton JM. Using intuition or a formal palliative care needs assessment screening process in general practice to predict death within 12 months: A randomised controlled trial. Palliat Med. 2018 Feb;32(2):384-394. doi: 10.1177/0269216317698621. Epub 2017 Apr 28. PMID: 28452570.
  • De Bock, R, Van Den Noortgate, N, Piers, R.Validation of the Supportive and Palliative Care Indicators Tool in a Geriatric Population. J Palliat Med 2018;21(2):220-224. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2017.0205. (Top cited article 2021)
  • Mudge AM, Douglas C, Sansome X, et al. Risk of 12-month mortality among hospital inpatients using the surprise question and SPICT criteria: a prospective study BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care 2018;8:213-220. doi:10.1136/bmjspcare-2017-001441
  • Piers RDe Brauwer IBaeyens H, et al. Supportive and Palliative Care Indicators Tool prognostic value in older hospitalised patients: a prospective multicentre study. 

Translation and adaptation of SPICT™

  • Bergenholtz H, Weibull A, Raunkiær M. Supportive and palliative care indicators tool (SPICT™) in a Danish healthcare context: translation, cross-cultural adaptation, and content validation. BMC Palliat Care 21, 41 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-022-00931-6
  • Sripaew, S., Fumaneeshoat, O. & Ingviya, T. Systematic adaptation of the Thai version of the Supportive and Palliative Care Indicators Tool for low-income settings (SPICT-LIS). BMC Palliat Care 2035 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-021-00729-y
  • Casale G, Magnani C, Fanelli R, et al. Supportive and Palliative Care Indicators Tool (SPICT™): content validity, feasibility and pre-test of the Italian version. BMC Palliative Care  19, 79 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-020-00584-3
  • Afshar K, Feichtner A, Boyd K, et al. Systematic development and adjustment of the German version of the Supportive and Palliative Care Indicators Tool (SPICT-DE). BMC Palliat Care 2018; 17: 27. DOI: 10.1186/s12904-018-0283-7
  • Fachado AA, Martínez NS, Roselló MM, Rial JJV, Oliver EB, García RG,García JMF. Spanish adaptation and validation of the Supportive & Palliative Care Indicators Tool – SPICT-ES. Rev Saude Publica. 2018; 52: 3. Published online 2018 Jan 16. doi:  10.11606/S1518-8787.2018052000398 
    Further Information on Translation and Adaptation of SPICT

SPICT™ in clinical practice

  • van Baal, K., Wiese, B., Müller-Mundt, G. et al. Quality of end-of-life care in general practice: a pre–post comparison of a two-tiered intervention. BMC Prim. Care 23, 90 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12875-022-01689-9 (Primary care implementation of SPICT-DE and a public campaign improves care)
  • Effendy C, Silva J.F.D.S., Padmawati R.S. Identifying palliative care needs of patients with non-communicable diseases in Indonesia using the SPICT tool: a descriptive cross-sectional study. BMC Palliat Care 21, 13 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-021-00881-5
  • Pinedo-Torres, I, Intimayta-Escalante C,  Jara-Cuadros D, Yañez-Camacho W, Zegarra-Lizana P, Saire-Huamán R (2021) Asociación entre la necesidad de cuidados paliativos y enfermedades crónicas en pacientes atendidos en un hospital peruano. Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública, 38(4) 569-76. https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2021.384.9288
  • Hubbard G, Broadfoot K, Carolan C, van Woerden HC. (2021). An Exploratory Qualitative Study of Computer Screening to Support Decision-Making about Use of Palliative Care Registers in Primary Care: GP Think Aloud and Patient and Carer Interviews. Journal of Primary Care & Community Healthhttps://doi.org/10.1177/21501327211024402
  • Low JCarroll CWilson J, et al. Do screening tools assess palliative care needs and 12-month mortality in patients admitted to hepatology in-patient wards?
  • Pairojkul S, Thongkhamcharoen R,  Raksasataya A. et al. Integration of Specialist Palliative Care into Tertiary Hospitals: A Multicenter Point Prevalence Survey from Thailand. Palliative Medicine Reports 2021 2:1272-279. https://doi.org/10.1089/pmr.2021.0003
  • Afshar K, Wiese B, Schneider N et al.  Systematic identification of critically ill and dying patients in primary care using the German version of the Supportive and Palliative Care Indicators tool (SPICT-DE). GMS German Medical Science, 2020, 18. https://doi.org/10.3205/000278
  • van Wijmen MPS, Schweitzer BPM, Pasman HR, Onwuteaka-Philipsen BD. Identifying patients who could benefit from palliative care by making use of the general practice information system: the Surprise Question versus the SPICT, Family Practice, Volume 37, Issue 5, October 2020, Pages 641–647, https://doi.org/10.1093/fampra/cmaa049
  • Fumaneeshoat O, Ingviya T, Sripaew S. Prevalence of Cancer Patients Requiring Palliative Care in Outpatient Clinics in a Tertiary Hospital in Southern Thailand. Journal of Health Science and Medical Research, 2021 http://dx.doi.org/10.31584/jhsmr.2021798
  • Lunardi LHill KCrail S, et al. Supportive and Palliative Care Indicators Tool (SPICT) improves renal nurses’ confidence in recognising patients approaching end of life.
  • Bergenholtz, H., Missel, M. & Timm, H. Talking about death and dying in a hospital setting – a qualitative study of the wishes for end-of-life conversations from the perspective of patients and spouses. BMC Palliat Care 19168 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-020-00675-1
  • Liyanage T, Mitchell G, Senior H. Identifying palliative care needs in residential care. Australian Journal of Primary Health Research. 2018 24(6) 524-529 https://doi.org/10.1071/PY17168  

Publications on identification for palliative care and care planning

  • Petrova MWong GKuhn I, et al. Timely community palliative and end-of-life care: a realist synthesis. 
  • Lakin JR, Desai M, Engelman K, O’Connor N, Teuteberg WG, Coackley A, et al. Earlier identification of seriously ill patients: an implementation case series. BMJ Support Palliat Care. 2020 Dec;10(4):e31. doi: 10.1136/bmjspcare-2019-001789. Epub 2019 Jun 28. PMID: 31253734.
  • Gómez-Batiste XTurrillas PTebé C, et al. NECPAL tool prognostication in advanced chronic illness: a rapid review and expert consensus
  • Veldhoven, C.M.M., Nutma, N., De Graaf, W. et al. Screening with the double surprise question to predict deterioration and death: an explorative study. BMC Palliat Care 2019: 18;118. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-019-0503-9
  • Broadhurst HL, Droney J, Callender T, et al. Advance care planning: the impact of Ceiling of Treatment plans in patients with Coordinate My Care. BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care 2019;9:267-270. https://spcare.bmj.com/content/9/3/267
  • Amblàs-Novellas, J., Martori, J.C., Espaulella, J. et al. Frail-VIG index: a concise frailty evaluation tool for rapid geriatric assessment. BMC Geriatr 18,29 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-018-0718-2
  • Downar J, Goldman R, Pinto R, Englesakis M, Adhikari NK. The “surprise question” for predicting death in seriously ill patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Canadian Medical Journal 2017 Apr 3:189(13): e485-e493. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.160775.
  • Clifford C, Thomas K, Armstrong-Wilson J. Going for Gold: the Gold Standards Framework programme and accreditation in primary care. End Life J 2016; 6:e000028. doi:10.1136/eoljnl-2016-000028
  • Walsh RI, Mitchell G, Francis L, Van Driel ML. What diagnostic tools exist for the early identification of palliative care patients in primary care: a systematic review. Journal of Palliative Care 2015;31(2):118-123.
  • Clark D, Armstrong M, Allan A et al. Imminence of death among hospital inpatients; a prevalence cohort study. Palliative Medicine 2014; doi: 10.1177/0269216314526443
  • Maas E, Murray SA, Engels Y, Campbell C. What tools are available to identify people with palliative care needs in primary care: a systematic review and survey of European practice. BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care 2013;3:444–451.
  • Gomez-Batiste X et al. Identifying patients with chronic conditions in need of palliative care in the general population: development of the NECPAL tool and preliminary prevalence rates in Catalonia. BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care 2012; doi:10.1136/bmjspcare-2102-000211.
  • Harrison N, Cavers D, Campbell C, Murray SA. Are UK primary care teams formally identifying patients for palliative care before they die? Br J Gen Pract 2012; DOI:10.3399/bjgp12X64146.
  • Gott M, Ingleton C, Bennett M, Gardiner C. Transitions to palliative care in acute hospitals in England: qualitative study. BMJ 2011; 342:d1773.
  • Weissman D E, Meier DE. Identifying patients in need of a palliative care assessment in the hospital setting. J Palliat Med 2011; 14(1): 17-23; doi: 10.1089/jpm.2010.0347. Epub 2010 Dec 6.
  • Thoosen B, Groot M, Engles Y, Prins J, Verhagen S, Galesloot C et al. Early identification and proactive palliative care for patients in general practice, incentive and methods of a randomised controlled trial. BMC Family Practice 2011; 12:123
  • Glare PA, Sinclair CT. Palliative medicine review: prognostication. J Palliat Med 2008; 11:84-103.
  • Lynn J. Serving patients who may die soon: the role of hospice and other services. JAMA 2001; 285:925-932. doi:10.1001/jama.285.7.925